The Ultimate Guide to UCAT ANZ Sections

The UCAT ANZ is a conundrum.

On one hand, you're often asked basic questions you could do standing on your head. On the other, you have to be an absolute all-rounder who thrives under draconian time limits.

That’s why it pays to familiarise yourself with the content as much as possible. This article takes you through each section and question type so you know what you’re up against.

If you are just starting out, check out our UCAT FAQ for information on dates, regulations, cost and much more, and bookmark UCAT preparation tips to read before you start revising.

UCAT sections infographic. Time per question, number of questions and total time allowed are shown.

We’ve updated all of our mocks and mini-mocks to reflect the latest UCAT ANZ 2022 changes.

Verbal Reasoning

Time: 21 minutes

Questions: 44 

Time per question: 28 seconds

Get top UCAT Verbal Reasoning tips for exam success.

UCAT Verbal Reasoning (VR) section exam topics infographic

The purpose of Verbal Reasoning (VR) is to assess your ability to read information and draw specific conclusions from it. Some questions also assess your critical thinking skills.

VR consists of 11 passages with four multiple-choice questions each. Time is the enemy in all sections of the UCAT, but perhaps none more so than VR. 

Medify just created a new UCAT Skills Training suite to help you overcome the harsh time limits. For VR, you get points as you enhance the microskill of scanning for inference. The automaticity you develop this way is the key to saving time and increasing your score.

Verbal Reasoning question types

True/False/Can’t Tell

You’ll be given a statement related to a text and will need to decide whether it is 

  • True
  • False
  • Can’t tell

True means “true to the text”, not what you happen to know. That means if information is at all uncertain, it’s “can’t tell”.

UCAT Verbal Reasoning (VR). True/False/Can't Tell question type example.

Critical reasoning

You make inferences from the text to answer the question. The question could be asking you to complete an incomplete statement or identify which statement out of the 4 answer options is false. 

UCAT Verbal Reasoning (VR). Critical Reasoning question type example.
Example Critical Reasoning question

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Decision Making

Time: 31 minutes

Questions: 29 questions

Time per question: 24 seconds

Learn how to ace UCAT Decision Making.

UCAT Decision Making (DM) section exam topics infographic

The purpose of Decision Making (DM) is to assess how you use logic to reach a conclusion, evaluate arguments and analyse data.

All the questions are standalone. This means that you won’t be asked on multiple aspects of the same question. 

6 Decision Making questions types

Logical Puzzles

For this kind of question, you are given information and through the process of elimination or deduction, you work out which statement is true of the 4 answer options.

UCAT Decision Making (DM). Logical Puzzles question type example.


You’ll be given some statements that are true and also some proposed statements. You have to decide if the statements proposed are true or false. These questions will have a drag and drop format.

UCAT Decision Making (DM). Syllogism question type example.

Interpreting information

You are given data in the form of a graph, a table or a text. You interpret that data and answer a question. There are 4 answer options in this type of question.

UCAT Decision Making (DM). Interpreting information question type example.


A question is posed and you’ll also be given 4 arguments. You choose the strongest of the four. 

UCAT Decision Making (DM). Arguments question type example.

Venn diagram

You are presented with a Venn diagram, and you’ll have to deduce information from it. There are 4 answer options.

UCAT Decision Making (DM). Venn Diagrams question type example.


You will be given some information about the probability of certain events happening and then you answer a question. There are 4 options to choose from.

UCAT Decision Making (DM). Probability question type example.

Quantitative Reasoning

Time: 25 minutes 

Questions: 36 

Time per question: 41 seconds 

Learn how to approach the UCAT Quantitative Reasoning section.

UCAT Quantitative Reasoning (QR) section exam topics infographic

The purpose of Quantitative Reasoning is primarily to test your problem solving skills, but it also tests your numerical ability. The maths in this section is pretty straightforward.

In Quantitative Reasoning some questions may share the same data and others will be stand-alone questions. All questions have 4 answer options. 

A huge part of the test is mastering how to use the UCAT calculator (and when not to use it).

Try our Quantitative Reasoning skills trainer free with all UCAT subscriptions.

Maths topics that come up frequently include:

  • Ratios
  • Unit conversions
  • Percentages
  • Probability
  • Speed, distance and time
  • Averages
Medify’s feedback for a question in the UCAT Quantitative Reasoning (QR) section
Medify’s QR feedback

Abstract Reasoning 

Time: 12 minutes

Questions: 50

Time per question:14

Tips for UCAT Abstract Reasoning

UCAT Abstract Reasoning (AR) section exam topics infographic

The purpose of Abstract Reasoning is to identify patterns even when there is lots of distracting and irrelevant information. It’s testing your ability to create hypotheses and then change track if you find that this hypothesis leads to nothing.

The 4 types of Abstract Reasoning questions

Set A/Set B

You’ll be given 2 boxes, Set A and Set B, each with 6 smaller boxes. Each set has a specific pattern but both sets' patterns are connected in some way. For example, if Set A has all arrows pointing down, Set B may have all arrows pointing right.

You’ll be given 5 test shapes and there are 3 answer options. You’ll have to decide whether they belong in Set A, Set B or neither. 

The pattern:

UCAT Abstract Reasoning (AR) Set A/Set B question example.
UCAT Abstract Reasoning (AR) Set A/Set B question example answer.
Medify's Abstract Reasoning question feedback


You’ll see a sequence of patterns and 5 potential matches. You have to select the box which follows the pattern. 

The pattern:

UCAT Abstract Reasoning (AR) Sequences question example.

Potential matches (3 of 5 shown):

UCAT Abstract Reasoning (AR) Sequences question example matches.

Incomplete statement

You’ll have a statement that has been made using some shapes and then you’ll be asked to use the same pattern to complete a different statement. There are 5 answer options to this question.

The pattern:

UCAT Abstract Reasoning (AR). Incomplete statement question example.

Potential matches (3 of 5 shown)

UCAT Abstract Reasoning (AR). Incomplete statement question potential matches..

Variation of Set A / Set B

You are given the same style of sets as SetA/Set B questions, but are given a selection of shapes and then asked to find one out of 5 options that belong in a specific set.

The pattern:

UCAT Abstract Reasoning (AR). Variation Set A/Set B question example.

Potential matches (3 of 5 shown):

UCAT Abstract Reasoning (AR) Set A/Set B question example.

Situational Judgement

Time: 26 minutes

Questions: 66

Time per question: 23 seconds

Top tips for UCAT Situational Judgement

UCAT Situational Judgement (SJT) section exam topics infographic

The purpose of Situational Judgement is to assess your ability to understand real-world scenarios and identify important factors and appropriate actions. An understanding of empathy is crucial (take our medical empathy test), as is knowing the difference between sympathy and empathy.

Multiple questions can share the same scenario. 

The 3 types of Situational Judgement questions


You are given a scenario and a possible action. You decide whether the action is:

  • A very appropriate thing to do
  • Appropriate but not ideal
  • Inappropriate but not awful
  • A very inappropriate thing to do
UCAT Situational Judgement (SJT). Appropriateness question type example.


You’re given a scenario and some factors that can be taken into consideration. You decide whether the statement is:

  • Very Important
  • Important
  • Of minor importance
  • Not important at all
UCAT Situational Judgement (SJT). Appropriateness question type example.

UCAT Situational Judgement (SJT). Appropriateness question example answer


You’re given a scenario and a list of three actions or factors. You choose what’s most appropriate/important and what’s least appropriate/important.

UCAT Situational Judgement (SJT). Least/most question type example.


This is just a basic overview of the sections. Each subsection has many variations and nuances that you can only master with practice.

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